Anti-immigrant sentiment continues with the passage of “welfare reform” (a.k.a. the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), which makes many legal immigrants ineligible for federal welfare programs. APALC helps found the California Immigrant Welfare Collaborative (CIWC) to advocate for the creation of state-based programs for legal immigrants who will lose federal benefits. In its first few years, CIWC succeeds in establishing access to such critical programs as cash aid (Cash Assistance Program for Immigrants), food stamps (California Food Assistance Program), and health and social services, making California one of the leading states in repairing the safety net for immigrants. In 2001, both CAPI and CFAP become permanent programs.