Asian Americans Advancing Justice - LA

Building upon the legacy of the Asian Pacific American Legal Center

Who Took the Rap? A Call to Action

Russell C. Leong

When the twin towers of the World Trade Center were attacked by terrorists on September 11, 2001, ordinary Americans like you or me reacted strongly.  Unfortunately, complex feelings of grief, anger, revenge, and disbelief were often targeted at brown-skinned people of Arab, South Asian, and Islamic communities living in the U.S., or at those who were wearing a turban or perceived as Mus­lim.  Hate crimes and violations of civil liberty were directed against these individuals and groups.

Can Americans stand by while the civil lib­erties of others are taken away, violated, degraded or disregarded?

Can we turn our fears into hope, and our hope into action?







Unit Plan
9-10, College

WWII, Japanese American Internment, Post 9/11


“After Words: September 11, 2001” poem
One Man Seeks Justice from a Nation: Korematsu v. United States
Who Took the Rap? A Call to Action

Unit Plan

Math Alg 1 Statistics - Hate Crime Analysis


A Citizen Fights for His Civil Rights after 9/11
A Family Educates to Prevent Hate Crimes:
The Case of Joseph Ileto

Vincent Chin - Lily Chin: The Courage to Speak Out
Who Took the Rap? A Call to Action

Access Other Curricular Resources BY SUBJECT or BY GRADE


Disaster Relief Assistance for Immigrants (DRAI)
9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Monday - Friday

For more information or to apply to DRAI, please call: 

Chinese (Mandarin/Cantonese)  (213) 241-8872
Khmer  (213) 241-8877
Korean  (213) 241-8873
Tagalog  (213) 241-8874
Thai  (213) 241-8875
Vietnamese  (213) 241-8876
English/Other, Non-Spanish  (213) 241-8880
Spanish/English** (CARECEN)  (213) 315-2659
Spanish/English** (CHIRLA)  (213) 201-8700
 (213) 395-9547

*This list will continue to expand.
** Spanish assistance available through CARECEN & CHIRLA.
***We are experiencing heavier call volume than usual. We highly encourage you to call your native language phone line, the wait time may be shorter. 

Our mission is to advocate for civil rights, provide legal services and education, and build coalitions to positively influence and impact Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders and to create a more equitable and harmonious society.